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Russian eruption warning systems for aviation

Neal C.A., Girina O.A., Senyukov S.L., Rybin A.V., Osiensky J., Izbekov P., Ferguson G. (2009) Russian eruption warning systems for aviation // Natural Hazards. Vol. 51. No. 2. pp. 245-262. doi: 10.1007/s11069-009-9347-6.

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Official URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11069-...

Abstract

More than 65 potentially active volcanoes on the Kamchatka Peninsula and the Kurile Islands pose a substantial threat to aircraft on the Northern Pacific (NOPAC), Russian Trans-East (RTE), and Pacific Organized Track System (PACOTS) air routes. The Kamchatka Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT) monitors and reports on volcanic hazards to aviation for Kamchatka and the north Kuriles. KVERT scientists utilize real-time seismic data, daily satellite views of the region, real-time video, and pilot and field reports of activity to track and alert the aviation industry of hazardous activity. Most Kurile Island volcanoes are monitored by the Sakhalin Volcanic Eruption Response Team (SVERT) based in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. SVERT uses daily moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) satellite images to look for volcanic activity along this 1,250-km chain of islands. Neither operation is staffed 24 h per day. In addition, the vast majority of Russian volcanoes are not monitored seismically in real-time. Other challenges include multiple time-zones and language differences that hamper communication among volcanologists and meteorologists in the US, Japan, and Russia who share the responsibility to issue official warnings. Rapid, consistent verification of explosive eruptions and determination of cloud heights remain significant technical challenges. Despite these difficulties, in more than a decade of frequent eruptive activity in Kamchatka and the northern Kuriles, no damaging encounters with volcanic ash from Russian eruptions have been recorded.
Item Type: Article
Title: Russian eruption warning systems for aviation
Language: English
Journal or Publication Title: Natural Hazards
ISSN Print: 0921-030X
ISSN Online: 1573-0840
Subjects: State scientific and technical information rubricator (ГРНТИ) > 38 ГЕОЛОГИЯ > 38.37 Петрография > 38.37.25 Вулканология
Volcanoes > 1 Volcanoes of the Kurile-Kamchatka Region > _ Volcanoes of Kurile-Kamchatka Region
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Depositing User: к.г.-.м.н. О.А. Гирина
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2013 08:48
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2013 03:33
URI: http://repo.kscnet.ru/id/eprint/228

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