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The 2016 Eruptions in Kamchatka and on the North Kuril Islands: The Hazard to Aviation

Girina O.A., Manevich A.G., Melnikov D.V., Nuzhdaev A.A., Petrova E.G. (2019) The 2016 Eruptions in Kamchatka and on the North Kuril Islands: The Hazard to Aviation // Journal of Volcanology and Seismology. Switzerland: Springer Nature. Vol. 13. No. 3. pp. 157-171. doi: 10.1134/S07420 46319 0300 47.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1134/S07420463...

Abstract

Large explosive eruptions of volcanoes pose the highest hazard to modern jet f lights, because such eruptions can eject as much as several cubic kilometers of volcanic ash and aerosol into the atmosphere during a few hours or days. The year 2016 saw eruptions on 5 of the 30 active Kamchatka volcanoes (Sheveluch, Klyuchevskoy, Bezymianny, Karymsky, and Zhupanovsky) and on 3 of the 6 active volcanoes that exist on the North Kuril Islands (Alaid, Ebeko, and Chikurachki). Effusive activity was observed on Sheveluch, Klyuchevskoy, Bezymianny, and Alaid. All volcanoes showed explosive activity. The large explosive events mostly occurred from September through December (Sheveluch), a moderate ash emission accompanied the entire Klyuchevskoy eruption in March–November, and explosive activity of Karymsky, Zhupanovsky, Alaid, and Chikurachki was mostly observed in the earlie r half of the year. The ash ejected in 2016 covered a total area of 600 000 km2, with 460 000 km2 of this being due to Kamchatka volcanoes and 140 000 km2 to the eruptions of the North Kuril volcanoes. The activity of Sheveluch, Klyuchevskoy, and Zhupanovsky was dangerous to international and local f lights, because the explosions sent ash to heights of 10–12 km above sea level, while the eruptions of Bezymianny, Karymsky, Alaid, Ebeko, and Chikurachki were dangerous for local flights, since the ash did not rise higher than 5 km above sea level.
Item Type: Article
Title: The 2016 Eruptions in Kamchatka and on the North Kuril Islands: The Hazard to Aviation
Language: English
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Volcanology and Seismology
ISSN Print: 0742-0463
ISSN Online: 1819-7108
Subjects: State scientific and technical information rubricator (ГРНТИ) > 38 ГЕОЛОГИЯ > 38.37 Петрография > 38.37.25 Вулканология
Volcanoes > 1 Volcanoes of the Kurile-Kamchatka Region > 1.2 Kurile Islands > Chikurachki
Volcanoes > 1 Volcanoes of the Kurile-Kamchatka Region > 1.2 Kurile Islands > Ebeko
Volcanoes > 1 Volcanoes of the Kurile-Kamchatka Region > 1.2 Kurile Islands > Alaid
Volcanoes > 1 Volcanoes of the Kurile-Kamchatka Region > 1.1 Kamchatka > Karymsky
Volcanoes > 1 Volcanoes of the Kurile-Kamchatka Region > 1.1 Kamchatka > Bezymianny
Volcanoes > 1 Volcanoes of the Kurile-Kamchatka Region > 1.1 Kamchatka > Sheveluch
Volcanoes > 1 Volcanoes of the Kurile-Kamchatka Region > 1.1 Kamchatka > Sheveluch
Volcanoes > 1 Volcanoes of the Kurile-Kamchatka Region > 1.1 Kamchatka > Sheveluch

Volcanoes > 1 Volcanoes of the Kurile-Kamchatka Region > 1.1 Kamchatka > Klyuchevskoy
Volcanoes > 1 Volcanoes of the Kurile-Kamchatka Region > 1.1 Kamchatka > Zhupanovsky
Depositing User: к.г.-.м.н. О.А. Гирина
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2019 09:49
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2019 08:59
URI: http://repo.kscnet.ru/id/eprint/3594

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