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Recent hydrothermal systems of Kamchatka

Vakin E.A., Polak B.G., Sugrobov V.M., Erlikh E.N., Belousov V.I., Pilipenko G.F. (1970) Recent hydrothermal systems of Kamchatka // Geothermics. Vol. 2, No. 2. pp. 1116-1133.

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Study of the largest manifestations of the recent hydrothermal activity in Uzon-Semyachik, Pauzhetka-Kambalny and other regions in Kamchatka enable us to conclude: in the area of recent volcanism characterized by a general increase of conductive heat flow, some regions can be distinguished with an especially intense geothermal regime specified by an additional supply of heat by deep fluids. Within such anomalies the formation of hydrothermal systems can be observed. Recent hydrothermal systems of Kamchatka are natural hydrodynamic systems belonging to the type of small artesian basins and artesian slopes having porous-bedded, fissure-bedded and more seldom fissure-veined permeability and containing high-temperature underground waters. They are associated with volcano-tectonic grabens and circular depressions filled with a series of tufaceous material of mainly acid composition and two-membered structure. Localization of certain thermal manifestations within the systems is determined by disjunctive tectonics and outflows of thermal waters to the surface. The same factors are responsible for the position of the recharge areas of the systems with infiltration waters forming the main mass of their water reserves. Usual hydrodynamic methods can be used for a quantitative estimation of these reserves. Heat recharge of the systems is realized by the supply of an over-critical fluid. This is confirmed by hydrogeothermal data, similarity of the chemical composition of high temperature hydrothermal water and their thermo-physical parameters. Manifestations of hydrothermal activity do not reveal any connection with recent andesite-basaltic volcanism of Kamchatka; on the contrary, they are associated with the acid volcanism of the Middle and Upper Pleistocene stage of its geological history, testifying to their genetic similarity. Hydrothermal activity is one of the manifestations of the general geothermal activity of the interior. It is closely related, in time and space, to a certain stage of the volcano-plutonic process and tectonic evolution of mobile belts. The perspectives of obtaining heat and electric energy from hydrothermal systems are considered.
Item Type: Article
Title: Recent hydrothermal systems of Kamchatka
Language: English
Journal or Publication Title: Geothermics
ISSN Print: 0375-6505
ISSN Online: 1879-3576
Subjects: 3 State scientific and technical information rubricator (ГРНТИ) > 38 ГЕОЛОГИЯ > 38.61 Гидрогеология > 38.61.19 Минеральные, термальные воды и рассолы
Depositing User: И.М. Романова
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2022 00:18
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2022 00:22

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